Begin by considering the structural components of your garden. The trees and hedges should be native if possible- although other species can be good for wildlife.
Native trees in the U.K. include:- Alder, Ash, Aspen, Birch, Bird cherry & Wild cherry, Crab-apple, Field maple, Hazel, Holly, Juniper, Oak, Scot’s pine, Rowan, Yew, Whitebeam, Willow and Wych Elm.
In my garden, I am fortunate to have an established Field Maple
and a miniature Crab-apple trees.
Native hedges to choose from include:- Hawthorn, Blackthorn, Wild rose, Holly, Hazel and Elder. Also, some native shrubs to consider:- Alder buckthorn, Blackthorn, Broom, Buckthorn, Dog-rose, Dogwood, Elder, Guelder-rose, Hawthorn and Spindle.
Then consider the situation of a log pile, in the shade, if at all possible. These will feed beetles and provide shelter for many other animals including frogs and toads. Hedgehogs also use log piles for hibernation.
I have used fallen logs as retaining walls for flowerbeds.
And logs cut to size make great wooden stools and tables.
Think about the direction of the sun in your garden throughout the summer and winter to make the best use of sunny and shady areas. If your garden is small this is not a barrier to wildlife gardening, make use of walls, roofs, and other structures to add to your space.
Kim Mackenzy Andrews is a children’s author, nature writer, photographer, and artist.
Find her Nature books for children on Amazon.
Wildlife articles for nature lovers: – patch reporting for the BBC Wildlife magazine.
Kim Mackenzy Andrews Children’s Author
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